Tooth Abscess: Danger, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

The patients, suffering from the tooth abscess, generally tend to neglect the symptoms of this guileful dental disorder. They tend mask the intolerable, acute toothache, associated with the disease, by taking a whole bunch of pain relievers. Unfortunately, not every one of us realizes that the tooth abscess is not only painful, but also life dangerous condition. Let's learn more about its nature and pitfalls.

Why is Tooth Abscess Dangerous?

A tooth abscess is a severe inflectional dental disease. It usually affects a tooth and /or its root. On its early stages tooth abscess affects the oral cavity only and manifests itself in a rather tolerable toothache, and the swelling of the gum surrounding the affected tooth. On this stages its symptoms resemble those of tooth decay.

As the diseases keeps progressing, tooth abscess can also affect the patient's jaw, face, or even throat, causing intolerable acute toothache, extensive gums swelling, and breathing difficulties. On this stage it is probable to lead to the tooth death. If untreated, the tooth abscess infection spreads all over the patient's body, affecting its soft tissues, "eating up" the soft facial bones and eventually spreads up to the heart muscles tissues, leading to the patient's death.

What are the Causes of Tooth Abscess?

First of all, the tooth abscess can be caused by inadequate or delayed dental care. It also happens that the tooth decay infection was not completely killed, when you had your tooth filling, root canal treatment, or crown adjustments performed.

Secondly, the tooth decay is one of the major causes of the tooth abscess development. It results into the cavity formation, which allows the infection to enter the soft pulp tissues, literally killing the tooth nerve.

Thirdly, the tooth abscess may occur in patients, suffering from underlying medical conditions. These usually are the conditions that weaken the body immune system, such as cancer (particularly, post-radiation and chemotherapy cancer treatment) and diabetes. The autoimmune disorders, such as Sjögren's syndrome, AIDS and similar conditions also make the patients prone to the abscessed tooth syndrome.

Fourthly, the tooth abscess may be the age-related problem. With the age, the teeth weakness develops, leading to microscopic cracks creation. These cracks allow the infection enter a tooth pulp much more easily. Apart from that, elderly people often suffer from the various immune system disorders.

The final cause of the tooth abscess might be a minor trauma in the oral cavity.

What are the Symptoms of Tooth Abscess?

You should start to suspect the tooth abscess, when your tooth suddenly starts to ache, as you drink warm or cold water. The gum, surrounding the affected tooth, becomes red, and swollen. When you press it, the pain gets worse due to pus drainage. You also be feeling an acute shooting, gnawing, or throbbing toothache or migraine pain. The tooth abscess is also often associated with difficulty or ache, when opening your mouth or swallowing problems.

As the disease keeps progressing, you might experience fever, chills, nausea, and vomiting. If untreated, tooth abscess leads to more severe symptoms, such as breathing difficulties, bones, muscles, and heart pains.

The delayed treatment of the tooth abscess often leads to sad irreversible consequences. Please, contact your dentist, if you have noticed any symptoms of abscessed tooth or have any concerns!

How does Tooth Abscess Get Diagnosed and Treated?

In case if you have an extensive, drainable abscess, your dentist can determine the affected tooth by physical examination. He also might ask you to take the mouth x-rays to reveal the small, deep abscesses, located in the soft gum tissue of the affected tooth.

When scheduling your treatment plan, your dentist first tries to cure the infection with the help of antibiotics. If it does not work, and the abscess does not rupture on its own, the minor dental surgery is performed. It involves making a small cut on your abscess to allow the pus to drain. Your dentist will also prescribe you some medicine to relief the pain.

On the later stages, the tooth abscess treatment might require the affected tooth removal. It is performed to clean the infected area, and perform the drainage of the pus from the deep abscesses. If the abscess has reached the mouth floor, face, or neck, the surgery is performed under general anesthesia.

Never underestimate the danger of the tooth abscess consequences. Follow the basic oral cavity hygiene rules to prevent it from the development. Also visit your dentist routinely in order to reveal the abscessed tooth symptoms timely. Don't panic and contact the healthcare professional, if you have noticed the symptoms. And be healthy and wealthy!

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