Abscess on Gum: Danger, Types, Causes, High-Risk Group, Symptoms, and Treatment

It is really worth getting alarmed, when you notice an inflamed painful pocket of the infected liquid on your gum line. This liquid is actually the dental pus, the accumulation of which in such a small oral cavity area is an abscess on gum. This is the major periodontal disease, which calls for the immediate treatment actions.

Why Is Abscess on Gum Dangerous for Me?

The abscess on gum is caused by the major dental infection. The first signs of the disease are usually revealed around the apex, on the gum soft tissues between the teeth, or even on the very end of the tooth root. When developing in adults, the abscess on gum most commonly affects the gum line near the wisdom teeth.

The main problems are caused by the infection tendency to rapidly spread from the gum line to the areas beneath the tongue, then, to the cheeks, or even throat, jaw, and facial soft tissues. If left untreated, the infection starts eating up the jaw and facial bones. Soon, the abscess on gum affects even the lungs soft tissues, causing the breathing difficulties, and even heart, which is very likely to lead to the patient's death. When getting into the blood stream, the abscess on gum causes the life threatening condition called sepsis. These are the reasons why you risk greatly by postponing the abscess on gum treatment.

What Are Abscess on Gum Types?

Dental care experts distinguish three major types of the abscess on gum. The classification is based on the oral cavity areas affected.

The most common abscess on gum type occurs exclusively on the gum line and thus, is called the gingival.

Apart from the bone, the so-called periodontal abscesses also involve the periodontal membrane and even supportive bone.

If a dental care provider reveals the abscess on gum around the teeth crowns, he will diagnose the peri-coronal abscess.

What Causes Abscess on Gum?

Basically, the abscess on gum is caused by any severe dental infection. In the terms of the underlying dental conditions triggering the pus filled pockets development on the gum line, the first place belongs to the major tooth decays. The latter conditions cause the tooth nerves and supplying tooth vessels to get severely infected and die. These decomposed tissues create the dental pus, which fills the abscess on gum. The tooth nerves and blood vessels death might also be caused by the bad teeth, jaw, or facial traumas.

This is absolutely clear that the periodontal diseases or infection are very likely to end up into the abscess on gum, as they allow the very easy infection access into the pulled away from the supportive bone gums. Badly repaired dental restorations and cracked teeth also contribute to the easy infection penetration and consequent inflammatory process development. In some rare cases, the abscess on gum might be the certain medicines side-effect or certainly the result of the poor oral hygiene or even poor nutrition.

Am I in the Abscess on Gum High-Risk Group?

Dental care experts consider the patients, whose relatives used to suffer from the chronic abscess on gum to be in the high-risk group. This is also relevant for the regular tobacco smokers. The people, who are going through the major hormonal changes, are also prone to the abscess on gum development, as well as the patients with the immune system impairments or cancer.

What Are Abscess on Gum Symptoms?

Certainly, the most obvious sign of the abscess on gum is the actual pus filled pocket. The other symptoms include the increasing acute toothache, especially, when opening your mouth, swallowing, and chewing, or as the reaction to the temperature extremes. In their turn, the chronic abscesses hardly ever reveal any pain symptoms.

When having developed the abscess on gum, you are also likely to notice your gums redness and swelling, which gradually spread onto the jaw or even face. The gums bleeding is often observed, when brushing your teeth or simply eating.

As the disease keeps progressing, the gums become even tenderer, when you touch them. The bad breath and taste symptoms gradually develop, as the infection affects the greater volume of the soft tissues. The dental pus drain from the gum line becomes more obvious. Canker sores are also the inherent symptoms of the advanced abscess on gum.

Apart from that, the tooth near the affected gum area first gets raised, then, gradually becomes loose, and finally falls out, if the abscess on gum symptoms get neglected. The patients also usually experience the fever, chills, nausea, or even vomiting.

What Are Abscess on Gum Treatment Options?

Depending on your abscess on gum severity, your dental care provider will prescribe special treatment tactics, ranging from the homemade remedies, pain relievers, and antibiotics intake for the minor abscesses, to root canal therapy, surgical abscess rupture and inflamed tissues removal, or even infected tooth and / or supportive bone extraction for the advanced ones.

Regardless the abscess on gum treatment tactics chosen, the therapy will necessarily involve the proper oral hygiene program development and probably, certain dietary or lifestyle changes.

And finally, remember that the success of your abscess on gum treatment is directly linked to the timely disease symptoms revealing and immediate proper therapy starting. Be healthy and wealthy!